All packs must contain a minimum of 20 cigarettes to make sure the packs are big enough for health warnings to cover 65% of the front and back, with the brand name restricted to a standard size, font and colour.
The EU Tobacco Products Directive has allowed the UK to go further with its regulations to require all tobacco packaging to be uniformly green with large images showing the harmful effects of smoking.
Packaging of hand-rolled tobacco must also be in the same drab green colour and pouches must contain a minimum of 30g of tobacco.
The directive extends to e-cigarettes, restricting tank sizes to no more than 2ml and the nicotine strength of liquids to no more than 20mg/ml, and there must be a 30% health warning on the front and back reading: “This product contains nicotine which is a highly addictive substance.”
The new rules also include a ban on menthol cigarettes from 2020 and promotional statements such as “this product is free of additives” or “is less harmful than other brands”.
Standardised packaging regulations, which is a UK initiative, comes into full effect on Sunday, while the rules governing minimum pack sizes and e-cigarettes are in force from Saturday.
The regulations became law this time last year but companies have had 12 months to sell old stock and fully implement the changes under the directive, which was adopted in 2014 but was held up by a series of court cases testing its legality.
The tobacco industry challenged both the Tobacco Products Directive through the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and standardised packaging regulations through the UK courts.
In May last year the ECJ ruled that the directive was lawful, and days later the industry’s legal challenge to standardised packaging was defeated in the UK courts.
Last month the UK Supreme Court refused the tobacco industry leave to appeal the decision any further.
The new rules are an attempt to cut the number of smokers across the EU by 2.4 million.
An estimated 700,000 premature deaths are caused each year, and cancer charities are backing the measures.
The UK was only the second country in the world to pass legislation on standardised packaging after Australia in 2012, with many others following on including France, Ireland, Hungary and Norway.
Action on Smoking and Health (Ash) chief executive Deborah Arnott said: “Getting rid of glitzy, heavily branded tobacco packs is the latest in a long line of achievements by the UK which is a global leader in tobacco control.
“We now have among the fastest declining smoking rates in the world thanks to decades of sound policy, but smoking rates among the poorest and most disadvantaged remain high.
“If this is to change then a priority for the next Government must be to publish a new tobacco control plan with tough new targets, focused on tackling health inequalities.”
But smokers’ group Forest said the new regulations “infantilise” consumers and would make no difference to public health.
Forest director Simon Clark said: “The new regulations treat adults like naughty children. They infantilise consumers by attacking freedom of choice and personal responsibility.
“The new regulations are a disgraceful attempt to denormalise both the product and legitimate consumers.
“There’s no evidence they will have the slightest impact on public health.”