KEVIN GORDON - Teacher who loved his Sussex history

The cover of one of his books on heraldry
The cover of one of his books on heraldry

In 1835 a young man published a book, the title of which left no question as to its contents.

It was called “Sussex: Being an Historical, Topographical and General Description of every Rape, Hundred, River, Town, Borough, Parish, Village, Hamlet, Castle, Monastery and Gentleman’s Seat in that County, alphabetically arranged with the population of each parish , as returned by the last census (1831) with alterations effected by the Reform and Boundary Acts of 1832”.

Mark Antony Lower

Mark Antony Lower

Mark Antony Lower was only 21 when he published the book, but it was the first of many.

Lower was born in Chiddingly in 1814. He always had an interest in history and heraldry and is credited with painting the Royal coat of arms at his local church, the wonderful 14th century building full of historical interest. One can imagine the young boy being inspired by the beautiful alabaster memorials to the Jefferay family and the funeral hatchments that decorate the church. He later worked at East Hoathly School and at the tender age of 19 established his own school at Alfriston. While in the village, he taught himself Latin.

In 1835, he married and moved to Lewes where he ran another school in Lancaster Street and by 1838 he was busy lecturing at his Mechanics Institution in Lewes. The institution was established by Lower to promote scientific and literary studies among the working classes, and was situated at the end of Fisher Street on the site of the (old) police station. History was his subject and in 1842 he published another book on the origin of English surnames. (Family Nomenclatures, Historical, Etymological and Humorous) The Spectator called the book “curious ingenious and amusing”. Lower was a Fellow of the American Antiquarian Society and a founder member of the British Archaeological Association (1844). He spoke at their first Annual General Meeting at Leicester Square in London on the subject of the newly discovered remains of Gundrada the wife of William de Warenne at Lewes Priory which had been unearthed during the building of the Brighton to Lewes Railway.

Lower and his wife Mercie had five children including a son called ‘William de Warenne Lower’ and a daughter Fanny Gundrada Lower!

By 1845, he was running the North Street Academy in Lewes and I am sure that his 30 pupils got a well rounded education. In August 1845, he hired two carriages to take them all back to Chiddingly for a day of sport. Forever the historian, he split the boys into two teams named the white roses and the red roses to recreate the Wars of the Roses by means of a cricket match!

Prompted by the discoveries at Lewes Priory, which he had been personally involved in, Lower founded the Sussex Archaeological Society in 1846 with his friend James Henry Hurdis, the son of the renowned poet from Bishopstone near Seaford. Today the Sussex Archaeological Society is the largest county based historical society in the UK – a fact that would have pleased them both.

Lower was interested in the ancient Cinque Ports of Hastings, Pevensey and Seaford, particularly in respect of their heraldry. In 1846 he wrote the ‘Chronicles of Pevensey’ and in 1855 ‘The Memorials of Seaford’. He liked the town, and once wrote ‘The little town of Seaford is remarkable for the salubrity and romantic beauty of its surroundings, the snug comfort of its lodgings and the civility of its tradesmen’. After his first wife died, Lower moved to Seaford where he set up a small school for French children at his home at 7 Pelham Place. He married his second wife, Sarah Scrace at St Leonard’s Church, Seaford in 1870. It was in this year he published ‘A Compendious History of Sussex’ one of the most comprehensive histories of the county ever written. The Scrace family had Danish origins and after their marriage they travelled to Scandinavia. The trip must have been a bus-man’s holiday, as the journey prompted him to write ‘Wayside Notes in Scandinavia’.

Lower’s second marriage was short lived and after his wife died he moved to north London to live with his children where he died in 1876. His remans were returned to his beloved Sussex and he was buried at St Anne’s Church in Lewes.

Mark Antony Lower was a stalwart of Sussex history. He enjoyed not only archaeology and antiquities but also the dialect and folk history of the county. Today historians have disproved many of Lower’s historical theories, however, who can doubt his love of all things Sussex and his desire to unearth (sometimes literally) the history of our county.