Viewers were left shocked as Outlander season 5 came to a wrap on Monday (11 May), with its final episode, Never My Love, featuring some surprising twists and turns.
However, as fans of Diana Gabaldon books know, the story is far from over. Here’s what happened in the final episode of the season, and what it means.
What happened in season 5?
The season began somewhat happily, with the wedding of Jamie (Sam Heughan) and Claire's (Caitriona Balfe) daughter Brianna (Sophie Skelton) to university professor Roger (Richard Rankin) at their home in Fraser's Ridge, North Carolina.
However, as fans know, life in the 1700s has been far from peaceful for the couple, and danger is never too far around the corner.
This season viewers saw Brianna’s rapist from season four, Stephen Bonnet (played by Ed Speleers), make a return with a malicious plan to claim her son, Jemmy, as his own.
Jamie and Roger hatched a revenge plan to find and kill Bonnet for his crimes against their family, which ultimately led to his arrest and execution by drowning.
However, it was Brianna who got to serve the final blow of justice, shooting Bonnet dead as the water levels rose around him.
Meanwhile, Jamie was forced by Tryon to form a militia against a rebellion, led by his own godfather Murtagh (Duncan Lacroix).
The rebellion met a bloody end and we said goodbye to Murtagh for good, after some incredible acting by Sam Heughan as a grieving Jamie Fraser.
This season saw many beloved characters face near death experiences, from Roger’s hanging to Jamie’s gory snake bite.
And the build up to the season finale didn’t ease up on these nail-biting moments.
The penultimate episode saw Brianna and Roger attempt to travel back to the future with their infant son Jemmy.
However, after saying their emotional goodbyes and touching the stone circle - gemstones in hand - they found themselves thrown back into 18th century North Carolina, much to everyone's surprise.
But before the characters and viewers could rejoice at the happy reunion, Fraser’s Ridge is ambushed by Lionel Brown (Ned Dennehy) and other residents of Brownsville.
While Jamie, Fergus (César Domboy) and Ian (John Bell) are distracted by an explosion set by the perpetrators, a group of men knock Marsali (Lauren Lyle) unconscious and kidnap Claire.
What happened in the final episode of season 5?
In the very first scene in final episode, the viewer is confronted with a bloodied Claire, bound by ropes and tied to a tree.
Lionel Brown reveals to Claire that he has uncovered her pseudonym, Dr Rawlings, before blaming her for his wife's rejection of his advances.
In arguably the most upsetting scene seen in the Outlander series, after Lionel’s men tie and beat her, Claire is then gang-raped.
Jamie and his men soon find a bloodied Claire tied to a tree as her rapists camp in the woods beside her.
Upon John Quincy Myers (Kyle Rees) offering Claire the opportunity to enact revenge upon her rapists, Jamie informs him of Claire’s oath as a Doctor, to “do no harm”.
Jamie, Fergus and Ian kill the men, but choose to take Lionel, the ringleader, back home for questioning.
However - much to viewers’ delight - before they can do so, Marsali kills Lionel, using poison and Claire’s homemade syringe.
The season finale ends with Jamie returning Lionel’s body to his brother, who vows to avenge Lionel - setting up season six to be just as dramatic as ever.
In season six we can expect growing tensions to come to a head in Fraser’s Ridge, and possibly more time travel for Roger and Brianna, if the show continues to use the books to guide the narrative.
What was the response?
Fans soon took to Twitter to praise the show and the actors after the final episode was uploaded onto Amazon Prime on Monday (11 May).
Yet, while some viewers enjoyed the show and expressed their anticipation for a sixth season, the finale certainly wasn't without its criticisms.
Lynette Rice at Entertainment Weekly criticised the show’s liberal and graphic depictions of sexual violence as an “oft-used trope”, and questioned “was another rape necessary?”
However, the controversial narrative does appear in Gabaldon’s novel, Breath of Snow and Ashes, and some dedicated fans of the novels believe the show was right to stay true to the books.